Eau de Cologne composed by Farina was used only as a Perfume
A single vial of this for miracle water cost half the annual salary of a civil servant.
When free trade was established in Cologne by the French in 1797, the success of Eau de Cologne prompted countless other businessmen to sell their own fragrances under the name of Eau de Cologne.
Giovanni Maria Farina’s formula has been produced in Cologne since 1709 by Farina opposite the Jülichplatz and to this day remains a secret.
His shop at Obenmarspforten opened in 1709 and is today the world’s oldest fragrance factory.
…That company now owns the rights to Eau de Cologne extra vieille in contrast to the Original Eau de Cologne from Cologne.
Originally the water of Cologne was believed to have the power to wardoff bubonic plague.
By drinking the cologne the citrus oil scent would be exuded through the pores, repelling fleas. Much as flea shampoo for dogs can be based on citrus oils today.
In modern times, Eau de Cologne or “cologne”, has become a generic term. The term “cologne” can be applied to perfume for men or women, but it conventionally refers to perfumes marketed towards men.